Economy, tax incentives & labor conditions
In practice, workers have no law to protect them adequately from anti-union discrimination. Workers are harassed and even sacked as a result of their union activities. In the export processing zones (EPZs) workers are exploited and there are reports of workers trying to form unions being sacked and blacklisted, as well as being subjected to harassment, separation from their colleagues and psychological and even, physical abuse. Despite the legal recognition of trade union protection, the main strategy that is still being employed by companies to destroy trade unions is by dismissing all their leaders, often at the very moment the union is founded, thereby preventing its consolidation and growth. As the reinstatement procedure is very slow, the people concerned have ultimately had to find new jobs in other companies in order to survive financially, so in practice even where the reinstatement is ordered the conditions enabling the creation of a union no longer exist, since the staff has changed, and the whole organising process has to start again more or less from scratch. Where a union does exist in a company, the management tirelessly pursues its tactic of imposing arbitrary demands, threats, reprisals and other forms of mistreatment of the members of the union.
, Annual Survey of violations of trade union rights
Villanueva Industrial Park
ZIP Buena Vista
ZIP El Porvenir
ZIP San Jose Industrial Park
Minimum wage noted (US$/day)
1999 3.4 US$/day at/for Wal-Mart Stores
(year, wage and name of the contracting company)
1999 4 US$/day at/for The Gap Inc.
1994 3 US$/day at/for Chiquita Brands International Inc.
Main violations of the human rights and dirty money laundering
1994 Chiquita Brands International Inc.
(year and company name)
Main labor right violations
2008 Russell Corp. 87, 98
(year, company name and norm number)
2007 ALCOA (Aluminum Company Of America) 87, 98, 29
2007 Nike Inc. 87, 98
2005 Reebok International Ltd. 1, 100, 111
1999 The Gap Inc. 1, 26, 29, 100, 105, 111, 131
1999 Wal-Mart Stores 138
1998 The Gap Inc. 87 98
1998 Wal-Mart Stores 1, 29, 105
1998 Wal-Mart Stores 87, 98