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Economy, tax incentives & labor conditions
The average wage of a laborer working in the textile industry is 0.46 euros an hour in Vietnam.
Workers are not free to organise or join unions of their choosing. Any union formed must be approved by and affiliate with the Vietnam General Confederation of Labour, firmly controlled by the Communist Party, and operate under its umbrella.
With a few notable exceptions, employers in the Export processing zones tend to ignore workers’ rights. Only about ten per cent of workers have long-term employment contracts. The remainder are on "definite term" contracts of between one to three years, or seasonal contracts of one year’s duration which are not legally permitted for a job which is "regular". Both types of contracts help employers avoid the legal requirement to set up a union in enterprises with ten employees or more.
Minimum wage noted (US$/day)
2008 3.2 US$/day at/for Nike Inc.